Volume 1, Issue 1 (Autumn 2015 -- 2015)                   HDQ 2015, 1(1): 9-16 | Back to browse issues page

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Askari A, Rowell K, Alipour F. Prevalence of Psychopathology and Sociodemographic Characteristics among Earthquake Survivors in Eastern Azerbaijan, Iran. HDQ. 2015; 1 (1) :9-16
URL: http://hdq.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-74-en.html
1- Department of Health in Disaster and Emergency, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Psychology and Counseling, University of Central Arkansas, Arkansas, USA.
3- Department of Social Work
Abstract:   (4204 Views)

Background:  This  study  aimed  to  prospectively  analyze  the  effect  of  a  major  earthquake on the prevalence of psychological disorders such as acute stress disorder (ASD), anxiety, depression,  mixed  anxiety  depression  disorder  (MADD),  phobia,  aggressive  behavior, insomnia, psychosomatic disorders and also sociodemographic aspects among residents of rural community sample in East Azerbaijan, Iran.

Materials and Methods: The sample was composed of 801 adults exposed to the earthquake. Two months after the earthquake, all subjects were surveyed with measures administrated in a standard order as follows: demographic data sheet, disaster experiences scale (DES), general health questionnaire (GHQ), and symptom checklist 90-revised (SCL-90-R).

Results: The results revealed that 23% of the survivors in the exposed group had ASD, 10% had  anxiety  symptoms,  7.5%  depression,  4%  MADD,  5%  psychosomatic  disorders,  10% phobia, 7% aggressive behavior, and 10% insomnia.

Conclusion: This article has summarized the current status of information on mental disorders caused by experiencing or witnessing a life threatening severe earthquake. The experience of fear, helplessness, and panic during the earthquake, and the appraisal by the victims of serious psychological, social, as well as demographical consequences after the earthquake, were positively related to the subscale scores and the total score of GHQ, SCL-90-R, and DES.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/06/13 | Accepted: 2015/08/23 | Published: 2015/10/1

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