Volume 1, Number 1 (Autumn 2015 -- 2015)                   HDQ 2015, 1(1): 55-59 | Back to browse issues page


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Soltani A, Ardalan A, Ashrafganjooie M. Case Report: Geographic Information System for Timely Search and Rescue Operation: A Case Study in Rigan Earthquake. HDQ. 2015; 1 (1) :55-59
URL: http://hdq.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-81-en.html

1- Department of Disaster Public Health, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Department of Disaster and Emergency Health, National Institute of Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Disaster Public Health, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Department of Disaster and Emergency Health, National Institute of Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.Harvard Humanitarian Initiatives, Harvard University, Cambridge, USA
Abstract:   (1359 Views)

Background: Short golden time is important to save the injured in earthquake and to start search and rescue (SAR) operation as soon as possible in affected regions. This study evaluated application of geographic information system (GIS) for SAR operation in Rigan Town, Kerman Province, which was hit by an earthquake of 6.3 Richter scale on December 12, 2010 at 22:12.

Materials and Methods: A GIS-based decision-making system with 99 information layers was used to manage the perations in this earthquake. Decisions were made by using available information layers and a proportional scenario. The scenario was designed based on depth and  intensity  of  the  earthquake. All  residential  areas  within  the  radius  of  20  km  from  the

epicenter were defined in emergency operation center (EOC) to be considered by SAR teams. Accordingly, SAR teams were called and dispatched to the affected area quickly. They were guiding using radio navigation.

Results: The subsequent assessment on 25, 30, and 40 km buffers showed that there was no need to increase the field of search and rescue. Field managers were supported with provided information about affected people and villages, structural context of buildings, distribution of  operational  equipments,  manpower,  resources,  and  access  roads.  All  of  this  updated

information was provided by designed GIS.

Conclusion:  Although  the  earthquake  happened  at  22:12  in  a  rural  region  with  scattered population and 250 km far from decision-making center, the search and rescue operation was completed in the shortest possible time at 2:30 morning, next day.

Full-Text [PDF 506 kb]   (498 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Case Report | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/06/18 | Accepted: 2015/08/7 | Published: 2015/10/1

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