Volume 1, Issue 2 (Winter 2016 -- 2016)                   HDQ 2016, 1(2): 65-70 | Back to browse issues page

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Farrokhi M, Abbasi Dolatabadi Z, Pakjouei S, Pouyesh V. Review Paper: Approaches to Post-disaster Environmental Recovery. HDQ. 2016; 1 (2) :65-70
URL: http://hdq.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-90-en.html
1- Department of Health in Disasters and Emergencies, University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Critical Care Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , zahra_abasi2000@yahoo.com
3- Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Iranshahr University of Medical Sciences, Sistan and Baluchestan, Iran.
Abstract:   (4122 Views)

Background: Environment and its ecosystems are affected by various natural and man-made disasters. The environmental management in disasters tries to protect ecosystems, sustain development, reduce disaster risk, and adapt to or decrease the impact of climate change. This study aimed to investigate the impact of disasters on the environment and methods of reducing
these effects.
Materials and Methods: This review study was conducted by searching PubMed, Google Scholar, Elsevier, UNEP, SID, and Magiran databases using keywords of “environment”, “disasters”, “recovery”, and “lessons learned” from 1999 to 2015.
Results: Decrease in surface and groundwater resources, pollution of water resources, deforestation, desertification, soil erosion, air pollution and extinction of animal species are among post-disaster environmental damages. As a result of such changes in the environment and ecosystem, water shortage and drought, loss of vegetation, and food insecurity will ensue.
Due to these destructive incidents, the people’s ability to provide necessary resources for living decreases and their very lives are threatened. Consequently, they are forced to immigrate to save their lives.
Conclusion: Environmental recovery is one of the effective strategies for achieving sustainable development. In this regard, public and private organizations as well as international ones and people should work together. Responsible organizations, the stakeholders at different levels, and the public must be trained in this area and introduced to the latest international standards.
Rules and policies should be reviewed and revised in accordance with today’s needs and international standards.

Full-Text [PDF 356 kb]   (2763 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/07/28 | Accepted: 2015/10/18 | Published: 2016/01/1

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