Volume 2, Issue 4 (Summer 2017)                   HDQ 2017, 2(4): 165-178 | Back to browse issues page

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Roudini J, Khankeh H R, Witruk E, Ebadi A, Reschke K, Stück M. Community Mental Health Preparedness in Disasters: A Qualitative Content Analysis in an Iranian Context. HDQ. 2017; 2 (4) :165-178
URL: http://hdq.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-129-en.html

1- Master Degree Institute of Psychology, Faculty of Biosciences, Leipzig University, Leipzig, Germany.
2- PhD Research Center in Emergency and Disaster Health, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , hamid.khankeh@ki.se
3- Habilitation Department of Clinical Science and Education, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
4- Doctor Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Faculty of Nursing, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (323 Views)

Background: Disasters are stressful events not only for individuals who suffer from personal loss but also for the community at large. It seems necessary to study the mental health of the community in disaster situations so as to endorse their health, care planning and prevent disorders. A pure understanding of the community mental health preparedness, based on the experiences and perceptions of involved people is necessary in order to attain this aim. The purpose of this article is to put forth a subjective and comprehensive description of community mental health preparedness in disasters.
Materials and Methods: A qualitative inductive content analysis method was exploited since community mental health preparedness is a subjective, context bond and complex phenomenon, which is better described based on in-depth experience and perceptions of involved people. The study consisted of 14 participants including experts and lay people. Data were collected through in-depth, semi-structured interviews. All interviews were transcribed and data analysis was accomplished based on qualitative inductive content analysis principles.
Results: From the analysis of the data content, 5 themes were explored including 1) Cultural values and beliefs; 2) Risk beliefs; 3) Mental preparedness in disasters; 4) Psychological process; 5) Trust.
Conclusion: Mental health preparedness is a multifactorial phenomenon that requires a clear understanding and definition of perceived threats, public trust on social structure and formal and informal supportive organization. This preparedness involves proportional, mental, social, familial, religious beliefs, and cultural sensitivity along with the ability to handle mentally disastrous situation, which can be measured after concept analysis and tool development process.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/02/14 | Accepted: 2017/05/22 | Published: 2017/07/1

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