Volume 5, Issue 4 (Summer 2020)                   HDQ 2020, 5(4): 215-226 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Department of Community Health Nursing, Community Health Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Khorasgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran.
2- Community Health Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Khorasgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran.
Abstract:   (538 Views)
Background: Earthquakes are among the most natural catastrophic disasters. Adults’ response to disasters largely depends on their physical health, mobility, self-efficacy, resource, and income level. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between self-efficacy with spiritual adjustment and life expectancy in earthquake-stricken adults living in Sarpol-e Zahab City, Iran.
Materials and Methods: The present study is a descriptive-analytical study that was done on 135 earthquake-stricken adults in Sarpol-e Zahab City. The study data were collected using the Scherer general self-efficacy questionnaire, Herth’s life expectancy questionnaire, spiritual adjustment, and demographic data in Spring 1998. The obtained data were analyzed by SPSS version 24 and descriptive and inferential statistics.
Results: In this study, 135 adults were enrolled, 65.2% were men and the rest were women. The Mean±SD age of the samples was 41.64±11.49 years. The Mean±SD values of self-efficacy, spiritual adjustment, and life expectancy were 55.64±10.29, 150.47±35.17, and  28.44±5.75, respectively. There was a significant and positive correlation between self-efficacy and spiritual adjustment. There was a positive and significant relationship between self-efficacy and life expectancy as well as life expectancy and spiritual adjustment.
Conclusion: The findings of the present study showed a high correlation between self-efficacy, life expectancy, and spiritual adjustment. People with high spiritual well-being and life expectancy are more adaptable to their problems; accordingly, their reinforcement of spiritual well-being and life expectancy increases their adaptability to the situation. Therefore, it is recommended that educational programs be developed to increase the self-efficacy of earthquake-affected individuals and increase their life expectancy and spiritual well-being.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/10/19 | Accepted: 2020/06/6 | Published: 2020/07/1

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