Volume 1, Issue 2 (Health in Emergencies and Disasters 2014)                   Health in Emergencies and Disasters Quarterly 2014, 1(2): 128-142 | Back to browse issues page

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Khanke H, Maleknia S. Verification of reported chief complaints about the injuries in Tehran road accidents from pre-hospital emergency, year 2010-2011. Health in Emergencies and Disasters Quarterly 2014; 1 (2) :128-142
URL: http://hdq.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-37-en.html
1- University of social welfare and rehabilitation sciences
2- Disaster and emergency management center , maleknias@gmail.com
Abstract:   (18221 Views)


  Introduction: According to international statistics, road accidents in Iran are 20 times more than world’s average. Because of the necessity of correct valuation of chief complaints in treatment services management and also considering this point that there is no survey about this subject on Iran till now, so this study has verified the valuation of chief complaints caused by traffic events in pre-hospital section of Tehran in years 89 and 90. 

  Methods: This is a cross-sectional study for survey of reported chief complaint about the injuries in Tehran road accidents from pre-hospital emergency, belongs to year 1389-90.

  Results: Totally there is just %30 valid data for age and gender. Mean and standard deviation of age is 31.54 and 14.3. All valid data includes % 81.7 meals and %18.3 females. Furthermore in all data there is just %1.5 valid recoded data for chief complaint. Trauma _without consider to part of body_ is the most chief complaint. Multiple traumas has mostly accompanied by nausea and bleeding, trauma to lower limbs by bleeding and movement disorder and trauma to head and neck ,beside the high rate of bleeding, has been associated with nausea and dizziness.

  Conclusion: In general, the results indicate a significant effect of age, sex and place of emergency in the chief complaint. Complaints of Lethargy and then nausea are more associated to older people and also trauma to the upper limbs is more for people age 25 to 30 years. Men also suffer more severe than women. All those who have suffered amputation, internal bleeding and genitourinary damaging, have been male. In this way, all those who have been impaired consciousness before the accident, have been male. Trauma to the pelvis and complained of dizziness have occurred significantly in rural road accident.


  Keywords: chief complaint, road accident, pre-hospital emergency system

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Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special
Received: 2013/05/10 | Accepted: 2013/11/5 | Published: 2013/11/5

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