Volume 7, Issue 2 (Winter- Special Issue on Covid-19 2022)                   Health in Emergencies and Disasters Quarterly 2022, 7(2): 79-86 | Back to browse issues page

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Bahmani A. Investigating the Role of Empathy in Psychological Capital Impact on Stress Caused by Contracting COVID-19 in Nurses: A Case Study of Nurses of Tehran Oil Hospital. Health in Emergencies and Disasters Quarterly. 2022; 7 (2) :79-86
URL: http://hdq.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-378-en.html
Department of Public Administration, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran. , bahmani.akbar@gmail.com
Abstract:   (634 Views)
Background: Rapid transmission and sudden outbreak of new coronavirus have caused widespread stress among the community and treatment staff. Regarding the consecutive peaks of the disease, its persistence stress, in the long run, creates destructive effects and leads to physical weakness and psychological complications. Hence, the present study seeks to find proper ways to promote psychological capital and reduce the stress of contracting COVID-19 with the mediating role of empathy. 
Materials and Methods: The present research was an applied and analytical study. It is a cross-sectional study conducted in 2020. The study’s statistical population comprised 510 nurses working in Tehran Oil Industry Hospital. Using a simple random sampling method and Krejcie and Morgan table, a sample of 160 was selected. The data collection tool was a standard questionnaire whose validity and reliability have been confirmed. For data analysis, we used the structural equation modeling method and the Pearson correlation test to examine the relationship between variables.
Results: The findings showed the significant and direct effect of psychological capital on empathy and a significant inverse impact of both empathy and psychological capital on the stress of contracting COVID-19 in nurses. The mediating role of empathy in the relationship between psychological capital and contracting COVID-19 stress was also confirmed.
Conclusion: Accordingly, by promoting the components of psychological capital in nurses, the hospital managers can prepare them for daily stress during the coronavirus epidemic. Also, by strengthening the empathy indicators in employees along with psychological capital, the tensions related to this disease can be overcome more than ever.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2021/07/28 | Accepted: 2021/09/10 | Published: 2022/01/1

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