Volume 8, Issue 3 (Spring 2023)                   Health in Emergencies and Disasters Quarterly 2023, 8(3): 201-208 | Back to browse issues page


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Safari H, Bahrainian S, Ghanifar M H. Prevalence of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder in People With a History of Hospitalization With COVID-19 and Its Relationship With Socio-economic Status. Health in Emergencies and Disasters Quarterly 2023; 8 (3) :201-208
URL: http://hdq.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-448-en.html
1- Department of Psychology, Birjand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Birjand, Iran.
2- Department of Psychology, Birjand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Birjand, Iran. , majid.bahrainian@gmail.com
Abstract:   (773 Views)
Background: COVID-19 has had many negative consequences in all aspects of human life, especially physical and mental health. This study aims to determine the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in people with a history of hospitalization with COVID-19 and its relationship with socio-economic status (SES).
Materials and Methods: The present study was a cross-sectional descriptive study and the statistical population of the study included all people with a history of being infected with COVID-19 and subsequent hospitalization in Shohada Hospital of Sarpol-e Zahab, Kermanshah Province, Iran. The sample members were randomly selected from the list of hospitalized patients. A total of 479 people were evaluated face to face using the PTSD Checklist Scale (PCL-S) questionnaire to examine PTSD, as well as the Ghodrat Nama et al.’s SES questionnaire to determine the SES. The data were analyzed using SPSS software, version 21 and by Chi-square test, one-way ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficient (P≤0.05).
Results: The prevalence of PTSD was 31.10%. No significant relationship was observed between socioeconomic status and the prevalence of PTSD (P=0.97). Among the demographic variables, only gender had a significant relationship with the prevalence of this disorder (P=0.00) and the prevalence was higher in women than in men.
Conclusion: The prevalence of PTSD is high in people with a history of hospitalization with COVID-19. Getting infected with COVID-19 and subsequent hospitalization hurts people’s mental health. Maintaining the mental health of this group of people should be considered.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2022/07/22 | Accepted: 2022/11/15 | Published: 2023/04/1

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