Volume 1, Issue 2 (Winter 2016 -- 2016)                   Health in Emergencies and Disasters Quarterly 2016, 1(2): 89-96 | Back to browse issues page

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Nourozi K, Saeli E, Khankeh H, Kavari S H, Rezasoltani P, Fathi B. The Effect of Risk Reduction Intervention on Earthquake Disaster Preparedness of the Elderly People. Health in Emergencies and Disasters Quarterly 2016; 1 (2) :89-96
URL: http://hdq.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-68-en.html
1- Department of Nursing, University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences,Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Geriatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. , saely5742@yahoo.com
3- Department of Rehabilitation, University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences,Tehran, Iran.
4- Department of IT, University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
5- Dr Sajedi Hadishahr Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
Abstract:   (8190 Views)

Background: Because of vulnerability of the elders in disasters, preparedness of this group is very important in reducing the damages caused by the earthquake. Therefore, the present study designed and conducted with the purpose of developing interventions to increase earthquake preparedness and risk reduction in the elderly people living in Hadishahr Jolfa City, Iran.
Materials and Methods: This study was a quasi-experimental study with pretest, posttest design and a control group. Fifty community dwelling elderly people were selected through simple random sampling method from 2 health centers and randomly allocated to intervention and control groups. Intervention program consisted of educational sessions with slideshows, group discussions, and sending reminder materials to their addresses a week later. The data were collected using the researcher developed preparedness questionnaire consisting of 58 items with 4 subscales (communication, environmental, during and after earthquake period). Inferential analyses of data, including analysis of covariance was done by SPSS version 16.
Results: The findings showed that scores in all subscales of earthquake preparedness (communication, environment, during and after earthquake) significantly increased after educational intervention (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Preparedness programs for disaster risk reduction has a positive effect on the elders’ preparedness. Thus, similar multimodal preparedness programs should be used more frequently for this vulnerable community citizens.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2015/08/2 | Accepted: 2015/10/27 | Published: 2016/01/1

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