Volume 3, Issue 1 (Autumn 2017 -- 2017)                   hdq 2017, 3(1): 11-20 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Esmailzadeh Gatabi G, Jalili Z, Farmanbar R. Effect of Stress Management Training Based on PRECEDE Model on Prehospital Emergency Staff Occupational Tension in Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences in 2016. hdq. 2017; 3 (1) :11-20
URL: http://hdq.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-142-en.html
1- Department of Health Education and Promotion, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Health Education and Promotion, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. , Zahra.jalili@gmail.com
3- Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Health, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
Abstract:   (1448 Views)

Background: One of the most important sources of tension in everyone’s life is their job. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of stress management training using the PRECEDE model on the occupational tension of the pre-hospital emergency staff.
Materials and Methods: This research is a quasi-experimental field trial controlled study that included emergency medical technicians from 115 emergency center for disaster management and 78 urban and road base in the Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. According to the inclusion criteria, the subjects were randomly divided into two groups of intervention (n=65) and control groups (n=65). Data were collected using the stress factors questionnaire and questionnaire based on PRECEDE model. After the pretest, according to the results of the PRECEDE model-based instruction in 2 days, every 4 hours during 5 separate meeting it was. 
Results: After the training, the variables of predisposing, reinforcing, and enabling, and the behavior in the intervention group increased significantly (P<0.05) compared to the control group. The mean score of occupational tension in the intervention group reduced from 3.18 to 2.49.
Conclusion: The findings showed that education based on PRECEDE model increases the predisposing factor (knowledge and attitude), reinforcing factor, and enhancer factor. These factors have the potential to affect the behavior more effectively. According to this, educational intervention based on PRECEDE model structures is effective on job stress and behavior. Researchers have suggested training on this pattern.

Full-Text [PDF 542 kb]   (440 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (152 Views)  
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/03/12 | Accepted: 2017/06/8 | Published: 2017/10/1

References
1. Hubbard JR. Handbook of stress medicine: An organ system approach. Florida: CRC Press; 1997. [DOI:10.1201/9781420048421]
2. Rezaei SH, Hosseini MA, Falahi M. [Effect of communication skills teaching in job stress level among nurses occupying in rehabilitation center (Persian)]. Tehran University Medical Journal. 2006; 64(1):21-6.
3. Wu S, Zhu W, Wang Z, Wang M, Lan Y. Relationship between burnout and occupational stress among nurses in China. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 2007; 59(3):233–9. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2007.04301.x [DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2007.04301.x]
4. Bianchi ERF. Stress and coping among cardiovascular nurses: A survey in Brazil. Issues in Mental Health Nursing. 2004; 25(7):737–45. doi: 10.1080/01612840490486818 [DOI:10.1080/01612840490486818]
5. Burns HK, Kirilloff LH, Close JM. Sources of stress and satisfaction in emergency nursing. Journal of Emergency Nursing. 1982; 9(6):329-36. PMID: 6358603
6. Allahverdipour H. [Transient from health education traditional to health education based on theory (Persian). Journal of Health Education. 2005; 1(3):75-9.
7. Rafieifar Sh. [Comprehensive plan of health education (Persian)]. Tehran: Mehrravash Publication; 2006.
8. Green LW, Kreuter MW. Health promotion planning: An educational and environmental approach. Houston: Mayfield Publishing Co; 1991
9. Van Der Ploeg E, Kleber RJ. Acute and chronic job stressors among ambulance personnel: Predictors of health symptoms. Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2003; 60(suppl 1):40-6. PMCID: PMC1765729 [DOI:10.1136/oem.60.suppl_1.i40]
10. Kalemoglu M, Keskin O. Burnout syndrome at the emergency service. Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine. 2006; 14:37-40.
11. Essex B, Scott LB. Chronic stress and associated coping strategies among volunteer EMS personnel. Prehospital Emergency Care. 2008; 12(1):69–75. doi: 10.1080/10903120701707955 [DOI:10.1080/10903120701707955]
12. Hegg Deloye S, Brassard P, Prairie J, Larouche D, Jauvin N, Poirier P, et al. Prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease in paramedics. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health. 2015; 88(7):973–80. doi: 10.1007/s00420-015-1028-z [DOI:10.1007/s00420-015-1028-z]
13. Hosseini Z, Moeini B, Hazavehei SMM, Aghamollai T, Moghimbeigi A. [Effect of educational stress management, based on Precede model, on job stress of nurses (Persian)]. Medical Journal of Hormozgan University. 2011; 15(3):200-8.
14. Didehvar M, Jalili Z, Zareban I, Bakhshani N M, Shahrakipour M. [The effect of stress management education based on PRECEDE model on occupational stress of nurses in hospitals of Iranshahr, Iran (Persian)]. Strides in Development of Medical Education. 2015; 12(3):472-84.
15. Motie MR, Kalani MR, Samadi A, Eshaghi H, Ghobadi P. [Prevalence of job stressors in male prehospital emergency technicians (Persian)]. Journal of Fundamentals of Mental Health Spring. 2010; 12(1):420-9.
16. Chen Y, Cheng Y. Effect of PRECEDE-PROCEED model to promote the knowledge and behavior toward occupational protection among vocational nursing students. Chinese Journal of Nursing. 2013; 9:017.
17. Song Y, Lindquist R. Effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on depression, anxiety, stress and mindfulness in Korean nursing students. Nurse Education Today. 2015; 35(1):86–90. doi: 10.1016/j.nedt.2014.06.010 [DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2014.06.010]
18. Oruogi MA, Bayt Asghari A, Charkazi A, Jvaheri J. [Survey on effect of health education intervention on reduction of brucellosis incidence in rural areas of Khomein based on PRECED framework (Persian)]. Journal of Health. 2012; 3(2):50-8.
19. Hosseini Z, Hazavehei MM, Imanzad M, Ghanbarnezhad A, Gharlipour Z. [Occupational stress and mental health relationship in nurses (Persian)]. Journal of Shahid Beheshti School of Nursing & Midwifery. 2014; 23(82):6314.
20. Nadrian H, Tol A, Shojaeizadeh D, Khalili Z, Hossaini M, Beigom Aghamiri Z. [Development an educational program in order to promote skin cancer preventive behaviors using PRECEDE model among students in Tehran City (Persian)]. Journal of Health System Research. 2013; 9(9):979-92.
21. Ebadi fard Azar F, Solhi M, Goldoost F. [The effect of stress management education based on BASNEF model to promote behaviors of patients with Multiple Sclerosis disease (Persian)]. Bimonthly Journal of Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences. 2012; 16(4):325-32.
22. Hosseini N, Amini A, Alamdari A, Shams M, Vossoughi M, Bazarganipour F. Application of the PRECEDE model to improve sexual function among women with hysterectomy. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics. 2015; 132(2):229–33. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2015.07.019 [DOI:10.1016/j.ijgo.2015.07.019]
23. Jacobsen PB, Phillips KM, Jim HSL, Small BJ, Faul LA, Meade CD, et al. Effects of self directed stress management training and home based exercise on quality of life in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy: A randomized controlled trial. Psycho Oncology. 2012; 22(6):1229–35. doi: 10.1002/pon.3122 [DOI:10.1002/pon.3122]
24. Ebrahimi Iraqi Nezhad Z, Tol A, Shojaeezadeh D, Khorsandi M, Bagheri F. [Effectiveness of PRECEDE model for health education on anxiety of nurses employed in hospitals of Arak University of Medical Sciences: Application of PRECEDE model constructs anxiety of nurses and PRECEDE model (Persian)]. Journal of Health System Research. 2015; 10(4):752-65.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA code

Send email to the article author


Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb