Volume 8, Issue 1 (Autumn 2022)                   Health in Emergencies and Disasters Quarterly 2022, 8(1): 15-26 | Back to browse issues page


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Mahdevar P, Sharififard M, Maraghi E, Jahanifard E, Bigdeli S. Challenges of Controlling Vector and Vector-borne Diseases at the Flood Disaster of Khuzestan Province in 2019 According to the Experts of Health Center. Health in Emergencies and Disasters Quarterly 2022; 8 (1) :15-26
URL: http://hdq.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-353-en.html
1- Student Research Committee, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
2- Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran. , sharififard-m@ajums.ac.ir
3- Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
4- Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
5- Medical Entomology and Vector Control, Health Center of Khuzestan Province, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.
Abstract:   (206 Views)
Background: Natural disasters, such as floods provide the basis for spreading vector-borne diseases by creating environmental changes. This study aims to investigate the common vector-borne diseases during floods in Khuzestan Province, Iran, in 2019 and the strategies and challenges to control them.
Materials and Methods: This research is applied objectively and it is a descriptive survey in terms of collecting data using a qualitative method. The statistical population in the qualitative section included 15 experts from health centers in Khuzestan Province with a history of presence in flooded areas who were purposively selected using the snowball technique. The data collection tool was a semi-structured interview.
Results: Qualitative data were categorized into 5 categories of common arthropods, common vector-borne diseases, vector control strategies and challenges, and organs involved in vector control programs during floods. The most common arthropods were lice, mites, mosquitoes, flies, and scorpions. The most prevalent vector-borne diseases during the flood were scabies, pediculosis, mosquito bites, and scorpions. The critical challenge was the lack of national vector control guideline in disaster condition.
Conclusion: Considering the history of floods and health problems caused by these natural disasters, it is necessary to recognize the common vector-borne diseases, develop national guidelines, and provide solutions to deal with them.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/04/6 | Accepted: 2021/12/13 | Published: 2022/10/1

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