Volume 8, Issue 2 (Winter 2023)                   Health in Emergencies and Disasters Quarterly 2023, 8(2): 115-124 | Back to browse issues page


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Rezaei Orimi J, Nasiri E, Talebi P, Mahmodpoor G. Investigating the Unintentional Poisoning Epidemiology in Prehospital Emergency Center in Qaemshahr City, Iran. Health in Emergencies and Disasters Quarterly 2023; 8 (2) :115-124
URL: http://hdq.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-390-en.html
1- Student Research Committee, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
2- Department of Anesthesiology and Operating Room, Traditional and Complementary Medicine Research Center, Addiction Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran. , enasiri@mazums.ac.ir
3- National Medical Emergency Organization, Ministry of Health, Treatment and Education, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (881 Views)
Background: Unintentional poisoning is a critical type of poisoning by which people injure themselves with no intention. Such a condition occurs accidentally, occupationally, or through abusive manners. The present study aims to examine the one-year frequency and causes of unintentional poisoning in patients treated by the prehospital emergency center in Qaemshahr City, Iran, in 2016.
Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study of 259 patients with unintentional poisoning. The variables were extracted and then registered in the questionnaires. The data were analyzed by the SPSS software.
Results: In this study, 83.8% of the patients were male and 16.2% were female. Most toxicity cases (89.1%) were unintentional as a result of drug abuse in the forms of tramadol abuse (42.8%), narcotic drugs (26.6%), and alcohol (19.7%), ranking 1 to 3, respectively.  A total of 48.2% of the unintentional poisoning cases were caused by medicinal factors and other cases (51.8%) were due to non-medicinal agents. Benzodiazepines and cardiovascular drugs were the most common drugs causing a medicinal overdose. Gastrointestinal poisoning was the most prevalent way of toxicity (77.6%) and the rate of death was 4%.
Conclusion: The results of the present study and similar research show that unintentional poisoning includes large populations of toxicity cases that occur mainly by drug abuse, such as tramadol and narcotic drugs. This study can be considered a pattern to conduct more research in the relevant fields.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/09/23 | Accepted: 2022/05/21 | Published: 2023/01/1

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