Volume 4, Issue 1 (Autumn 2018)                   HDQ 2018, 4(1): 29-36 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Karami A, Dargahi A, Farrokhi M, Poursadeghian M, Ivanbagha R, Mostafaei P et al . Studying the Environmental Health Condition of the Cities in the Kermanshah Province Affected by 2017 Earthquake. HDQ. 2018; 4 (1) :29-36
URL: http://hdq.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-201-en.html
1- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Public Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
2- Student Research Committee, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
3- Health in Emergency and Disaster Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4- Department of Ergonomics, Pediatric Neurorehabilitation Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
5- Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Khlkhal University of Medical Sciences, Khalkhal, Iran.
6- Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Public Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran. , tabandehleila179@gmail.com
Abstract:   (130 Views)
Background: Natural disasters are out of human control, often leading to loss of life and property, and particularly affecting public health. Natural disasters influence human lives in different ways. They may have severe, obvious, or hidden consequences. Therefore, the present study aimed at examining the environmental health condition of the cities affected by 2017 earthquake in Kermanshah Province.
Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. The environmental health experts gathered and analyzed the study data regarding the environment health condition of public places, food safety, solid waste management, types and number of water supplies, number of healthcare facilities and local health centers, etc. 
Results: According to the results, the lowest and highest number of damaged villages in Kermanshah Province were located in Sarpol-e Zahab (205 villages) and Ghasreshirin (29 villages), respectively. In addition, Eslamabad-e Gharb and Salas-e Babajani had the highest and lowest urban and rural populations, respectively. A total of 138564 people were affected by the earthquake. The improved water sources in the affected areas included 51 low-risk water sources, 171 moderate-risk water sources, 2 high-risk water sources, and 0 very high-risk water sources. In addition, 5059 m3 water was chlorinated by the environmental health experts and 1805 households were under the coverage of methoxymethyl chloride. Moreover, public healthcare centers (1059 intact and 605 damaged), 4564 food safety centers (3204 intact and 1360 damaged), and 20 solid waste management centers (16 intact and 4 damaged) were available in the area after the earthquake.
Conclusion: Overall, the results indicate that the environmental health activities in the areas affected by the earthquake were adequate in terms of providing healthy drinking water, garbage and wastewater management, distribution of healthy foods, and so on. Thus it can be used as a good model to response the needs of the survivors from the future natural disasters and crises.
Full-Text [PDF 705 kb]   (30 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (6 Views)  
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/03/17 | Accepted: 2018/09/2 | Published: 2018/10/1

References
1. Dargahi A, Farrokhi M, Poursadeghiyan M, Ahagh MMH, Karami A. Evaluation of functional preparedness and non structural safety of different health units of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences in coping with natural disasters. Health in Emergencies & Disasters Quarterly. 2017; 2(4):201-6. [DOI:10.29252/nrip.hdq.2.4.201]
2. Nivolianitiou Z, Synodinou B. Towards emergency management of natural disasters and critical accidents: The Greek experience. Journal of Enviromental. 2011; 92(10):2657-65. [DOI:10.1016/j.jenvman.2011.06.003] [DOI:10.1016/j.jenvman.2011.06.003]
3. Dargahi A, Bagheri S, Poursadeghiyan M, Ahagh MMH, Farrokhi M. Knowledge and attitudes of students in Khalkhal medical sciences faculty on health actions in emergencies. Health in Emergencies & Disasters Quarterly. 2017; 3(1):51-6. [DOI:10.29252/nrip.hdq.3.1.51]
4. Khankeh HR, Mohammadi R, Ahmadi F. Health care services at time of natural disasters: A qualitative study. Iran Journal of Nursing. 2007; 20(51):85-96.
5. Brown C, Milke M, Seville E. Disaster waste management: A review article. Waste Management. 2011; 31(6):1085-98. [DOI:10.1016/j.wasman.2011.01.027] [PMID] [DOI:10.1016/j.wasman.2011.01.027]
6. Miri A, Hami M, Dargahi A, Poursadeghiyan M, Farrokhi M, Ivanbagha R, et al . Study on the awareness of the students of Azad University of Medical Sciences about nutrition and food storing stuff during crisis. Health in Emergencies and Disasters Quarterly. 2018; 3(2):91-6. [DOI:10.29252/nrip.hdq.3.2.91]
7. Myers DG, Wee DF. Disaster mental health services: A primer for practitioners. New York: Psychology Press; 2005.
8. Rafee N, Karbassi AR, Nouri J, Safari E, Mehrdadi M. Strategic management of municipal debris aftermath of an earthquake. International Journal of Environmental Research. 2008; 2(2):205-14.
9. Heidarzadeh N, Ramezani Khoojin A. [Steps and measures of construction and demolition waste management in natural disasters (Persian)]. Journal of Human and Environment. 2015; 1(32):57-71.
10. Gharib F, Kosha A, Beiknoori MF, Rouhani Majd S. [A survey of earthquake-affected region and controlling actions to communicable and non-communicable diseases in Azerbaijan earthquake, 2012 (Persian)]. Depiction of Health. 2013; 4(3):32-41.
11. Farrokhi M, Dolatabadi ZA, Pakjouei S, Pouyesh V. [Review paper: Approaches to post-disaster environmental recovery (Persian)]. Health in Emergencies and Disasters. 2016; 1(2):65-70.
12. Ardalan A, Rajaei MH, Masoumi G, Azin A, Zonoobi V, Sarvar M, et al. 2012-2025 Roadmap of I.R.Iran's disaster health management. PLOS Currents. 2012; 4:e4f93005fbcb34. [DOI:10.1371/4f93005fbcb34] [DOI:10.1371/4f93005fbcb34]
13. Seyedin H, Abbasi Dolatabadi Z, Rajabifard F. Emergency nurses' requirements for disaster preparedness. Trauma Monthly. 2015; 20(4):e29033. [DOI:10.5812/traumamon.29033] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.5812/traumamon.29033]
14. Ardalan A, Moradian M.J, Gouya M, Nadafi K, Motlagh M, Abdollahi Z, et al. [National public health disaster and emergency operations plan (Persian)]. Tehran: Ministry of Health and Medical Education; 2011.
15. Asl Hashemi A, Dianat I, Taghipour H. [Evaluation of environmental health experts' knowledge regarding health issues in natural disasters (Persian)]. Quarterly Scientific Journal of Rescue & Relief. 2012; 4(3):16-22.
16. Sphere Project. Humanitarian charter and minimum standards in disaster response. Geneva: The Sphere Project; 2011.
17. Akbari ME, Farshad AA, Asadi-Lari M. [The devastation of Bam: An overview of health issues 1 month after the earthquake (Persian)]. Public Health. 2004; 118(6):403-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.puhe.2004.05.010] [PMID] [DOI:10.1016/j.puhe.2004.05.010]
18. Fatemi F, Mohammadi H, Ardalan A, Naddafi K. [Assessment of environmental health in the 2012 East Azerbaijan earthquake (Persian)]. Iranian Journal of Health and Environment. 2013; 6(2):177-86.
19. Ishii A. Wastewater and solid waste management- Abbottabad conservation strategy: Sector paper. Pakistan: Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency; 2002.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA code

Send email to the article author


Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb