Volume 4, Issue 3 (Spring 2019)                   HDQ 2019, 4(3): 157-164 | Back to browse issues page


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Kheyrati L, Keshvari H, Fatehi F, Hemmati M, Khankeh H, Habibisaravi R et al . Presenting a Model for Telemedicine in Earthquake for Iran. HDQ. 2019; 4 (3) :157-164
URL: http://hdq.uswr.ac.ir/article-1-258-en.html
1- Manager of Medical Care Monitoring Center (MCMC), Ministry of health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran.
2- Faculty of Medical Engineering, Amirkabir University, Tehran, Iran. , hamid.keshvari@yahoo.com
3- Center for online Health, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.; & Adjunct Fellow, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4- Head of Information Technology Center, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
5- Postdoc Fellow, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
6- Information and Communication Technology Administration, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.
7- Information Technology Management, Information Technology Center, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (340 Views)
Background: Iran is a country with a high rate of natural disasters like earthquake. The environmental conditions slow down the delivery of health services, especially in the event of disasters. The modern technologies such as telemedicine are appropriate for facilitating disaster relief operations after an earthquake. This study aimed to develop a model for the implementation of telemedicine in an earthquake.
Materials and Methods: The study was carried out using a mixed-methods research in three phases: 1. review of the literature; 2. qualitative study (modeling); and 3. Delphi method (validation of the model). Databases of Google Scholar, Web of Science, Scopus, and PubMed were searched from 1990 to 2019 with the keywords of “telemedicine” AND “disaster” OR “emergency” AND “earthquake”. After screening of the retrieved records, 13 articles met the eligibility criteria and were included in the review study. Ten experts extracted all key elements of telemedicine in the disaster from the articles and categorized them in 6 themes with 38 subthemes. The model of telemedicine in the earthquake was finalized with 2 rounds of Delphi with groups of selected volunteer experts. 
Results: In the first phase of the study, 6 key themes (telecommunication infrastructure, technical infrastructure, financial infrastructure, health infrastructure, organizational infrastructure, social infrastructure, and cultural infrastructure) with 38 subthemes of telemedicine for implementing in the disaster were obtained. At the conclusion of the third phase of the study, 6 key themes with 33 subthemes contributed to the model of telemedicine in the earthquake. Telecommunication infrastructure with a maximum score of 9.24 earned the priority, and social and cultural infrastructure themes with the minimum score of 7.53 came in the end.
Conclusion: The model derived from this study can be used as an applied telemedicine model in an earthquake. We suggest that the results of this study be implemented as a theoretical model, or in a pilot study in a region of the country, and to be evaluated by regarding mortality reduction. We also recommend that a comparative study for using telemedicine in other types of disasters be undertaken.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/05/11 | Accepted: 2019/06/12 | Published: 2019/07/23

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